How to treat nosebleeds

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A nosebleed, also known as epistaxis, can occur whenever a blood vessel in any one of the nasal linings bursts. They can be caused by any of the following:

A nosebleed, also known as epistaxis, can occur whenever a blood vessel in any one of the nasal linings bursts.
A nosebleed, also known as epistaxis, can occur whenever a blood vessel in any one of the nasal linings bursts.
  • Infection
  • Injury
  • Allergic reaction
  • Picking your nose
  • Pushing an object into your nose

This is a condition that tends to be common in children and is often seen as not being very serious at all; however, if a nosebleed becomes serious or prolonged, you are advised to contact a doctor immediately.

Nasal blood vessels are fragile

The small-sized blood vessels located in the septum can burst rather easily due to how fragile they are. This is something that can also cause a nosebleed. With children, a nosebleed tends to occur only from one side of the nose; however, this condition is something that they typically grow out of. On the other hand, if the nosebleed becomes more serious, you should seek the help of a doctor.


The most common symptoms of a nosebleed include the following:

  • Bleeding from one or both of your nostrils
  • Feeling liquid flowing at the back of your throat
  • Feeling as if you need to swallow frequently


Many different factors can cause nosebleeds, which include the following:

  • Fragile blood vessels that are able to easily bleed, likely in dryer air or after exercise
  • The sinuses, nasal lining, or adenoids becoming infected
  • Allergic reaction that can cause illnesses such as coughing and hay fever
  • Falls and/or bumps
  • Pushing an object up your nose
  • Picking your nose
  • Other problems with bleeding and/or clotting

First aid management

Effectively managing a nosebleed is easier than you think it might be, and this can be done by following these simple steps:

  • Reassure crying children, as crying will only increase blood flow
  • Sit the affected person up straight and make sure their head is slightly dropped forward
  • Apply pressure to the softer part of the nostrils below the bridge of the nose for approximately ten minutes using your finger and thumb
  • Encourage the affected person to breathe through their mouth while their nostrils are being pinched to stop a nosebleed
  • Loosen any tight clothing that may be around the neck
  • Take a cold cloth or cold compress and place it around the affected person’s forehead, while placing another one around the sides of their neck
  • Release pressure on the nose after ten minutes to see if the bleeding has stopped
  • Seek medical assistance if your nosebleed does not stop
  • Tell the affected person to not sniff or blow their nose for approximately 15 minutes after a nosebleed stops, as well as to not blow their nose for the rest of the day

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