Bladder spasm is also called urinary incontinence. Involuntary squeezing of the bladder muscles is called bladder spasms where there is a sudden and urgent need to urinate. Generally, the spasm forces the urine to be drained out of the bladder and result to leakage of urine. The leakage can be small or in large amounts. It causes pain and cramping due to the contraction of the muscle.
Causes of bladder spasm
- Overproduction or high production of urine due to conditions that affects the kidney or endocrine system such as diabetes.
- Neurological conditions such as Parkinson’s disease and multiple sclerosis.
- Consumption of acidic or spicy foods
- High fluid intake or consumption of alcohol or caffeine
- Taking medication such as furosemide that causes an increase in the production of urine.
- Urinary tract infections
- Stones or a tumor in the bladder
- Enlarged prostate due to hypertrophy or tumor
- Previous surgeries done for incontinence
- Accidents affecting the spinal cord as well as neuromuscular synchronization with the bladder
- Infections involving the brain or the spinal cord
- At first, frequent urination
- Sudden urge to urinate
- Urinary incontinence
- Waking up in the night to urinate or nocturia
- Stomach or abdominal pain
- Perform gentle massage on the point of the kidneys and bladder to give relief from the bladder spasm.
- In a bathtub filled with hot water, soak the affected area to lessen the pain.
- Take the prescribed magnesium supplement for the overall health of the muscles and lessen the bladder spasticity. Generally, take this supplement before going to bed at night to lessen the occurrence of bladder spasm during sleeping.
- Perform pelvic floor exercises such as kegels and physiotherapy with the help of a physical therapist to strengthen and relax the bladder and other muscles. These exercises lessen the bladder spasm in adults and children.
- Take the prescribed over-the-counter anticholinergics to relax the muscles of the bladder and prevent episodes of the spasms.
- Drink plenty of water to flush out the bacteria and other toxins from the bladder, urinary tract and the kidneys. Drink at least 6-8 glasses of water every day to prevent dehydration and worsen the condition.
- Add a teaspoon of baking soda in drinking water to eliminate bacteria that cause the infection.
- Cranberry juice is good for people suffering from bladder spasm especially pregnant women.
- Avoid holding in the urine to prevent weakening of the muscles of the bladder and worsen the condition.
- Avoid sugary and carbohydrate-rich foods.